What would you say if I told you that on top of having different ranks, and on top of being from different orders, there are distinctions in Hell for those who perform exceptionally well, and go above and beyond the ‘call of duty’? Well, I don’t know what you would say, but I know that I would be pretty damned apprehensive about finding out who and what those entities have done in order to earn a spot in that ‘revered’ lineup. And if you are still unsure of what I am referring to, then maybe we should delve a little bit deeper into the Order of the Fly.
Way back when, right around the time that Beelzebub seized control of Hell and assumed the title of Satan, there was a type of “hall of fame” set up within the masses of Hell. Certain entities within it’s confines had apparently impressed Beelzebub so damned much that he felt the need to exalt them and distinguish them from the other demons. The goal was to give the hordes of Hell someone to “look up” to; to aspire these entities enough to replicate their actions, or to mimic them. And that right there is pretty damned scary. Admittedly, there is not very much that is known about this Order, so I will do what I can. Let us first start with the list of the “Who’s Who” here, and then we can go from there:
- Beelzebub, Supreme Chief of the Infernal Empire and the Founder of the Order of the Fly.
- Adramelek, Grand Cross holder of the Order of the Fly,
- Euronymous, Grand Cross holder of the Order of the Fly.
- Leonard, Knight of the Order of the Fly, a distinction established by Beelzebub.
- Moloch, Grand Cross holder of the Order of the Fly.
Obviously, there are differences, but from what I have found, there are very few ”Knights” within the Order of The Fly. I guess being a holder of the “Grand Cross” would be similar to a soldier receiving the “Medal of Honor”. As we know, it is not easy to be given that medal, so one could only wonder what these entities had to do in order to warrant being given this honor by the ruler of Hell. With that being said, I have already given the “bio” of Beelzebub numerous times on this blog, but I will delve a little bit into the other members of his Order.
First, we will deal with the entity Adramelek, who as mentioned above is a Grand Cross Holder. In the book A Dictionary of Angels by Gustav Davidson, Library of Congress Number 66-19757, his entry is as follows:
Adram[m]elech[k] (“king of fire”) – One of 2 throne angels, usually linked with Asmadai (q.v.). In demonography, Adramelech is 8th of the 10 archdemons; a great minister and chancelor of the Order of the Fly (Grand Cross), an order said to have been founded by Beelzebub. According to the rabbis, Adramelech manifests, when conjured up, in the form of a mule or a peacock. In Seligmann, History of Magic, he is pictured in the shape of a horse. In II Kings 17:31, Adramelech is a god of the Sepharvite colony in Samaria to whom children were sacrificed. He has equated with the Babylonian Anu and with the Ammonite Moloch. In Paradise Lost, Milton refers to Adramelech as an “idol of the Assyrians” (the name here deriving from Assyrian mythology), and in the same work – Paradise Lost VI, 365, Adramelech is a fallen angel overthrown by Uriel and Raphael in combat. In Klopstock, The Messiah, Adramelech is “the enemy of God, greater in malice, guile, ambition, and mischief than Satan, a fiend more curst, a deeper hypocrite.” See picturization in Schaff, A Dictionary of the Bible, p. 26, where Adramelech is shown bearded and winged, with the body of a lion. De Plancy, Dictionnaire Infernal (1863 ed.), shows him in the form of a mule with peacock feathers.
Adramelek: One of many demons named in Collin de Plancy’s extensive Dictionnaire Infernal, published and republished throughout the nineteenth century. The name of this demon is actually the name of a Samaritan sun god whose name was also sometimes rendered Adramelech. As such, he is one of the many foreign deities mentioned in the Old Testament that have been demonized with the passage of time. The early-nineteenth century French writer, Charles Berbiguier, describes Adramelek as the Lord High Chancellor of Hell. In his book Les Farfadets, Berbiguier further asserts that Adramelek has been awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly, a supposedly demonic knightly order founded by Beelzebub. A. E. Waite, writing in his classic Book of Black Magic, repeats Berbiguier’s attributions, although he incorrectly links them to the sixteenth-century scholar Johannes Wierus. Agrippa identifies him as an ancient king demonized over time. See also AGRIPPA, BEELZEBUB, BERBIGUIER, DE PLANCY, WAITE, WIERUS.
Now, calling on some additional material, I also wanted to go into who the next entity on the list is, Euronymous. In the book A Dictionary of Angels by Gustav Davidson, Library of Congress Number 66-19757, he has only one entry, auspiciously under a different title, with his name barely being mentioned:
Prince of Death – in the infernal regions the prince of death is (in occult writings) Euronymous, bearer of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly; but the prince of death is, first and foremost, Satan. [Rf: Hebrews 2:14-15.]
And again, in the book The Dictionary of Demons – Names of the Damned, by Michelle Belanger, ISBN 978-0-7387-2306-8, as usual, Ms. Belanger goes into more depth explaining who and what this entity is:
Euronymous: According to demonologist Charles Berbiguier, Euronymous is the Prince of Death. He holds a respectable rank within the hierarchy of Hell envisioned by this curious Frenchman. Among his distinctions, Euronymous has been awarded the Grand Cross of Beelzebub’s Order of the Fly. Euronymous went from Berbiguier’s book Les Farfadets to Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, thus establishing his name within the canon of demonology. Euronymous is almost certainly a misspelling of the Greek name Eurynomos. Eurynomos appeared in the great painting of the Assembly Room at Delphi, executed by the fifth century BCE Greek artist Polygnotos. In Henry Beauchamp Walter’s Art of the Greeks, Euronymous is described as a “demon of savage aspect” who overlooks the shades of Hades on the reedy shores of the River Acheron. Later in the same text, Euronymous is said to devour the flesh of the dead in Hades. He is represented as having bluish-black skin reminiscent of a bluebottle fly. See also BERBIGUIER, DE PLANCY.
So in both entries, he is referred to as the prince of death, and in further works, he is the ruler of the shades in Hell. In The Satanic Bible, by Anton Szandor LaVey, ISBN 978-0-3800-1539-9, he is only mentioned fleetingly as the “Greek prince of death” under the “Infernal Names” section, and nothing more.
For the entity of Leonard, I have found almost next to nothing. In the vast collection I have of eBooks, as well as most of the hardcopies that I have as well, there are hardly any entries on this actual entity. Again, I fall back to The Dictionary of Demons – Names of the Damned, by Michelle Belanger, ISBN 978-0-7387-2306-8, where the entry for him is simple:
Leonard: According to Collin de Plancy’s Dictionaries Infernal, Leonard is the Grand Master of Sabbats and the Inspector General of sorcery, witchcraft, and the black arts. He can take many forms, but generally prefers to take on a humanoid form with goat-like qualities. He is said to have three horns and flaming eyes. He is also reputed to have a face on his rear end. He presents this to be kissed at the Sabbats. Leonard is listed in Waite’s presentation of the Grand Grimoire, attributed incorrectly to sixteenth-century scholar Johannes Wierus. Leonard is ranked within the top tier of this hierarchy, alongside such distinguished beings as Satan and Beelzebub. He is also accorded the rank of Knight of the Order of the Fly, a distinction allegedly established by Beelzebub. Leonard’s connection with the Witches’ Sabbat arises from the medieval belief that the Devil often presided over these wild nighttime orgies in the form of a goat. See also BEELZEBUB, BERBIGUIER, DE PLANCY, SATAN, WIERUS.
So while this entity may have been a rare find, Michelle Belanger does a good job of explaining what his functions are, as well as what he is responsible for supervising. I find it interesting that this entity, one of which is very hard to identify, is ranked so highly as that of Satan himself, but in the time of the witchcraze, I can completely see this as being plausible. I mean, someone had to monitor those satanic orgies, right?
For those who are curious, from the 6th printed edition of the Dictionnaire Infernal by Collin De Plancy, printed in France in 1863, here is the original French text, converted to English through Google Translate. I’m truly sorry for that, I just don’t happen to speak French:
Léonard, démon des premiers ordres, grand maître des sabbats, chef des démons subalternes, inspecteur général de la sorcellerie, de la magic noire et des sorciers. On l’appelle souvent el Grand Nègre. Il préside, au sabbat sous la figure d’un bouc de haute taille ; il a trois cornes sur la tête, deux oreilles de renard, les cheveux heriss, les yeux ronds, enflammés et fort ouverts, une barbe de chèvre et un visage au derrière. Les sorciers l’adorent en lui baisant ce visage inférieur avec une chandelle verte à la main. Quelquefois il ressemble à un lévrier ou à un bŒuf, ou à un grand oiseau noir, ou à un tronc d’arbre surmonté d’un visage ténébreux. Ses pieds, quand il en porle au sabbat, sont toujours des pattes d’oie. Cependant, les experts qui ont vu le diable au sabbat observent qu’il n’a pas de pieds quand il-prend la forme d’un tronc d’arbre et dans d’autres circumstances extraordinaries. Léonard est taciturne et mélancolique; mais dans toutes les assemblées de sorceress et de diables où il est obligé de figurer, il se montre avantageusement et déploie une gravité superbe.
Leonard, demon of the first orders, grand master of the sabbath, prince of demons subordinate Inspector General of witchcraft, black magic and the wizards. He is often called Grand el Negro. He presides at Sabbath under the figure of a goat, tall and has three horns on his head, two ears of a fox, hair bristled, round eyes, inflamed and very open, a goat beard and a face to back. Wizards love it, kissing his lower face with this green candle in hand. Sometimes it looks like a greyhound or an ox, or a large black bird, or a tree trunk topped with a dark face. His feet when he Porl the Sabbath, are always crows feet. However, experts who have seen the devil observe the Sabbath that has no feet, when it takes the form of a tree trunk and other extreme circumstances. Leonard is taciturn and melancholy, but in all meetings of sorceress and devils which he is obliged to appear, he isadvantageously and deploys a stunning gravity.
Finally, we come to the entity most feared on that list with the exception of Beelzebub himself, Moloch. This demon was not hard to find at all, and is one of the most commonly known names in the entire field of demonology. It is no surprise that he has earned himself a spot on the list of Hell’s Heroes. His entries are almost glorifying, considering that he revered as one of Hell’s “big boys”. Let’s start with A Dictionary of Angels by Gustav Davidson, Library of Congress Number 66-19757:
Moloc(h) (Molech) – a fallen angel in Paradise Lost 11, 4, where he is described as “the fiercest Spirit/That fought in Heav’n; now fiercer by despair.” In Hebrew lore, he is a Canaanitish god of fire to whom children were sacrificed. Solomon built a temple to him [Rf. I Kings 11, 7.1]
Say what? Solomon built a temple to him? This is no good! Wasn’t Solomon one of the holiest of holy men throughout the Bible and other religious scriptures? I guess even he had a time when he strayed away from the Word, eh? Well, let’s see what our next author has to say about him. In The Encyclopedia of Demons & Demonology, by Rosemary Ellen Guiley, ISBN-13: 978-0-8160-7314-6, the author states:
Moloch: Ammonite god demonized in Hebrew lore. Moloch was probably identified with BAAL, and with the Assyrian/Babylonian Malik. King SOLOMON was said to have built a temple to Moloch.
To the Ammonites, Moloch was a Sun god and personified the detrimental effects of the Sun’s rays. He also was the cause of plagues. He was depicted as a bull-headed man with long arms sitting on a brass throne. Huge bronze statues of him were erected in his honor, and he was worshipped with human sacrifice rites in the belief that the people would be protected from disaster. The victims were thrown into fires built in hollow bellies of the bronze statue.
Moloch was called “the prince of the valley of tears,” a reference to Topheth in the Valley of Hinnom, where the sacrificial rites were said to take place. King Jeremiah defiled Topeth, and the sacrificial practices declined. The Hebrews called Moloch “the abomination of the Ammonites” (1 Kings 11:7). In Kabbalistic lore, he is, with SATAN, the first of the evil DEMONs of the Tree of Life. The ancient Greeks associated Moloch with Cronos, the god of time, who devoured his own children in order to prevent them from challenging his rule.
Hmm. So, that’s two separate entries that claim even Solomon built a temple to honor him. Ok. I got it. This dude must have been one major bad ass. The Greeks called him Croons. Wait, that was Zeus’ father, right? The titan who started killing off his own kids? Sounds like a nice guy. In the book Dictionary of Demons: A Guide to Demons and Demonologists in Occult Lore, by Fred Gettings, ISBN 978-0-9439-5505-6, there are actually multiple entries for this entity. The first one is as follows:
Moloch (1. 392) is the first of the demons to be listed in Milton’s famous passage in Book I. As the poem unfolds we see Moloch as the demon of blind wrath and war. He is described as a ‘horrid King’ and it is likely that this is a passing reference to the grimoire tradition (where he appears most frequently as Molech), in which many of the more fearsome demons are listed as kings in an unwholesome parody of the social order on earth. The Hebrew molech actually means ‘king’, but in the Scriptures Molech is a god of the Ammonites (see for example I Kings, 11, 7), ‘an abomination of the children of Ammon’. As the entry under MOLECH indicates, there was an inference that this god of the Ammonites required the sacrifice of young children in flames, and it is this tradition which Milton had in mind in his poem ‘On the Morning of Christs Nativity’ (1629), when he writes of ‘sullen Molochfled’:
His burning Idol all of blackest hue; In vain with Cymbals ring They call the grisly King, In dismal dance about the furnace blue. II 206 ff.)
His second entry is also in-depth, so lets take a look at that one as well:
Molech The Hebraic molech actually means ‘king‘, but in the Scriptures Molech is a god of the Ammonites (see I Kings, 11, 7). According to ancient tradition Molech was a god formed in the image of a bronze statue of human form with the head of an ox (shades of the demonic MORAX). The hollow figure was heated up and children were thrown into it as a sacrifice, to the sound of drums and cymbals, which hid the cries of the victims. The view of Molech as a demonic god demanding the sacrifice of children was eagerly embraced by demonological literature and there are a variety of images of him as a monstrous oven, while the beautiful TOPHET near Tunis (ancient Carthage), which was associated with Molech, is preserved as a sort of demonological tourist centre.
In the poetry of William BLAKE Molech is another demon taken either from the Bible or from Milton with unchanged significance. In his third illustration to Milton ‘s ‘On the Morning of Christs Nativity‘, Blake shows Molech as a furnace built in the shape of a human. In a more personal vein of symbolism, Blake included
Molech in the seven ‘Eyes of God‘ in complex imagery which visualizes the ‘Eyes‘ as marking the progressive stages of spiritual development from the self-centred demonic condition of Lucifer to the free spirituality of Christ. Molech is a suitable symbol for this second stage, since he is most clearly the god or demon to whom others are sacrificed.
So, this sounds familiar: a large, bronze status was created in the shape of a man, with the head of an ox, and the children were thrown in it, to burn to death slowly as the fire underneath of it superheated the metals. This sounds eerily similar to the “golden calf” incident with Moses, no? Also worthy of note, this method of “torture” has been shown in relatively modern media, most recently in the movie “The Immortals”, released in 2011. And then, there is the final entry in this book, which is nothing more than a sentence, and a revealing one at that:
Moloch An alternative spelling for MOLECH, chosen by Milton in his poetry.
So there is a new revelation: The name “Moloch” was a new variation of spelling that was literally created by author John Milton for his poem, Paradise Lost. I am sure that this is one of those “artistic licenses” and whatnot, but regardless, the spelling matters not, as the entity he took the name from is still the same entity we have been describing above. For our final entry, we will go back to The Dictionary of Demons – Names of the Damned, by Michelle Belanger, ISBN 978-0-7387-2306-8.
Moloch: Originally a Canaanite deity, Moloch became famously demonized in the Bible through a passage in 2 Kings 23:10. This passage describes how children were consecrated to Moloch and cast into flames as a sacrifice. According to demographer Manfred Lurker, the name Moloch itself may be derived from a Punic root MLK, meaning “offering” or “sacrifice.” From this, he suggests that Moloch may not have originally been a proper name, and was instead a formal term for this kind of sacrifice. Regardless of its roots , the name Moloch, through its association with child sacrifice, was rapidly adopted into demonology. According to a demonic hierarchy found in Waite’s treatment of the Grand Grimoire, Moloch holds the title of “Prince of the Land of Tears.” Like several other demons in this hierarchy, Moloch is also associated with Beelzebub’s knightly Order of the Fly. He is said to have been awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly. Although A. E. Waite credits the origin of these titles to Wierus in his 1910 publication The Book of Black Magic and Pacts, the real source is Les Faifadets by Charles Berbiguier. Interestingly, Berbiguier includes two versions of the biblical demon Moloch in his hierarchy: the demon Melchom is mentioned along with Moloch. Moloch is a Greek transcription of the Hebrew Molech , and in other parts of the Bible it is variously rendered Melchom and Milcom. See also BEELZEBUB, BERBIGUIER, GRAND GRIMOIRE, MELCHOM, MILCOM, WAITE, WIERUS
So as with most ancient names, there is a lot that could have been lost in translation and/or transliteration. Different spellings, different names altogether, so much of this rests upon human beings, who are not infallible. But looking passed that, it is not that hard to see why the above mentioned entities are as revered as they are. Apparently, Beelzebub himself, the former (current?) ruler of Hell, thought they had earned spots up on the ‘Employee of the Month’ wall, and he gave those spots and honors to those he saw fit by creating his Order of the Fly. Some of them are rules, others were princes, and even beyond that, others were at one time gods. Whether good or bad, you have to give the devil his due: he sure knows how to pick them.
And in closing, you have to wonder why such exalted figured throughout history would join the ranks of Hell. First of all, I imagine that Hell is one of those places that is always recruiting. But what benefits could it offer to entities who are no longer loved as they used to be loved, such as formers gods like Moloch? Humanity obviously turned on him, and ultimately forgot about him. Maybe the benefits offered were simply to assure entities and deities like Moloch that in the coming times and the annuls of history, Hell would keep them relevant. I could certainly see myself “switching sides” and reevaluating my allegiances if my following had turned on me, especially with the promises of exacting revenge on those who’ve betrayed me or turned their back on me. With that being said, I leave you with a quote from a text which has been referenced numerous times throughout this article – a text that is arguably one of the best insights to Lucifer and his legions ever written, though fictional – and in this quote, it perhaps describes best what reason one of these entities may find for joining the infernal ranks of Hell, damning themselves for all eternity:
The mind is its own place, and in it self
Can make a Heav’n of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n.
What matter where, if I be still the same,
And what I should be, all but less then hee
Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least
We shall be free; th’ Almighty hath not built
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence:
Here we may reign secure, and in my choyce
To reign is worth ambition though in Hell:
Better to reign in Hell, then serve in Heav’n.
- The Encyclopedia of Demons & Demonology, by Rosemary Ellen Guiley, ISBN-13: 978-0-8160-7314-6
- The Dictionary of Demons – Names of the Damned, by Michelle Belanger, ISBN 978-0-7387-2306-8
- A Dictionary of Angels by Gustav Davidson, Library of Congress Number 66-19757
- Dictionary of Demons: A Guide to Demons and Demonologists in Occult Lore, by Fred Gettings, ISBN 978-0-9439-5505-6
- Paradise Lost, by John Milton